Have you ever thought of designing and building your dream speaker? Well, it’s possible to make one at home. Sometimes what we get from the shops is only a compromise of what we want or too expensive for us to manage. Therefore, designing your own will give you what best meets your personal needs and preferences. Thanks to the online market, it’s easier for you to obtain the parts required to build a speaker.
When building your own speakers, however, you must be careful to use only parts that can work together. Yes, this is an essential consideration because there are some speaker parts from different manufacturers that won’t work together.
For the best results, consider the following steps.
- Understand The Components Of a Speaker
Before assembling a speaker, you must familiarize yourself with speaker components. Doing so would give you a better picture of how to connect parts to come up with a speaker. Parts of a standard speaker are very few, and so you don’t need to be a rocket scientist to assemble one, just a little interest and you’re good to go.
The major components of a speaker are;
- Drivers – For producing a sound of different frequencies.
- Crossovers – For simplifying complex signals then relaying them to the drivers.
- Cabinet –This is the shell where the electronics are housed.
This is just an overview of the essential parts that you’d find in most speakers.
Anticipate learning more as you handle them practically. Once you’ve mastered the parts, get to know what quality would make a component a good choice. What materials or specifications should a component have in order to be considered good?
- Buy a Speaker Kit Online
Building a speaker using individual parts requires good knowledge of the principles of electricity and sound. But that shouldn’t scare you off and give you the feeling that you cannot do it on your own without such a background. With a speaker kit, you’d be well equipped to take off the speaker-making journey. These pre-designed speaker kits come with drivers, crossovers, and a cabinet. To make the whole process easier for a beginner, there are kits that come with pre-connected crossover. This would be a great choice for you if you don’t have a technical background in sound engineering.
- Follow The Provided Crossover Pattern
To make sure your crossover works well, ensure you have a pattern, soldering iron, and hot glue. Whenever you purchase a speaker kit, confirm that it has a crossover pattern provided. This would make the whole process effortless. Following the pattern, which is most likely provided with illustrations, put the systems together. Solder every part in line with the pattern. If you’re using individual parts and, therefore, don’t have a pattern from a manufacturer, you can always get one online.
- Use Your Design To Cut, Stain And Assemble The Cabinet
Normally, most cabinets are rectangular in shape. However, if you are skilled enough, you can play around with shapes. As you do this, ensure that all your drivers are well accommodated. This applies in a case where you’re building a speaker from scratch. At the end of the day, it’s good you understand some design principles so that you don’t come up with shapes that would only work to compromise the sound quality.
- Install The Drivers And The Crossover
Provided you followed your design, the drivers should fit well into the holes you prepared for them at the front end of the cabinet. If you’re using a kit, the whole thing is a lot easier. Stick the crossover to the cabinet to ensure the drivers’ cables are not stretched. You can use glue or screws to do this.
- Fill Spaces Witha Specially Designed Fabric
After putting everything together, you’ll realize some openings that should be sealed. To fill them, use a particular fabric called “acoustic stuffing.” Its principal role is to dampen the sound to prevent unnecessary echoes. Minor problems can at times have unwanted effects on the sound output, so you should ensure that you do everything meticulously.
Great. You’re done.
You can now go ahead and test your speakers. If you followed the procedure well and used good quality components, the sound output should be great. But as they say, practice makes perfect. The more you do this and get a better understanding of parts, the more you’ll sharpen your skills.